Preventing Eye Disease through Early Detection

According to the World Health Organization, 75% of the world's blindness is preventable.

But to prevent the serious eye diseases that cause vision loss and blindness, early detection is vital. Most serious eye diseases have no warning signs.

Now think about this: UV damage is one of the leading contributors to macular degeneration. Are you at risk? The answer is yes. It is important for everyone, regardless of age, to wear UV protective eyewear while outdoors. It is also very important to schedule comprehensive eye exams every year.

I don't have any symptoms, why would I need an eye exam?

Though most serious eye diseases such as macular degeneration, glaucoma, or diabetic retinopathy can occur at any age, few people visit an eye doctor unless they have symptoms. The problem is, by then you may too late.

The most important thing you can do to prevent eye disease and vision loss is to have a comprehensive eye exam every year. Simple eye tests only check for prescription changes and will not detect major eye diseases.

What happens in a comprehensive eye exam?

Comprehensive eye exams involve more than just testing your vision. They also help assess the overall health of your entire visual system and other potentially serious medical conditions.

The tests included in a comprehensive eye exam are:

  • Eye muscles test to check their ability to rotate and coordinate properly
  • Visual field test to check for the presence of blind spots in your peripheral or "side" vision. These types of blind spots can originate from eye diseases such as glaucoma. Analysis of blind spots may also help identify specific areas of brain damage caused by a stroke or tumor
  • Glaucoma test to measure the pressure inside your eye
  • Slit-lamp examination to examine the cornea, iris, lens, and anterior chamber of your eye
  • Retinal examination to examine the back of your eye, including your retina, optic disk, and the underlying layer of blood vessels that nourish the retina
  • Pupil dilation to enlarge the pupils and make them easier to examine

Can comprehensive eye exams detect more than just eye diseases?

Yes. Comprehensive eye exams can also help reveal other health problems. By just looking into your eyes, your eye doctor can often predict whether you are at risk for diabetes, multiple sclerosis, hypertension, stroke and heart disease.

Interested in learning more about the prevention and detection of eye disease? Contact us now to book an appointment with an eye doctor.